(ii) Various sources of energy; conventional sources of energy; improvement in technology for using conventional source of energy (Biomass and wind energy)
(iii) Non-conventional sources of energy (Solar energy, Energy from sea).
(iv) Physical properties of metals and non-metals.
(v) Chemical properties of metals like action of water, air, acids, salts; Reactivity series of metals.
(vi) Occurance of metals; their extraction, enrichment of ores. Extraction of metals in accordance with activity series; refining of metals.
(vii) What are life processes?
(viii) Nutrition- Autotrophic Nutrition, Heterotrophic Nutrition. How do animals obtain their nutrition? Nutrition in Human beings.
(x) Transportation : Transportation in Plants.
(xi) Excretion : Excretion in Human beings, Excretion in Plants.
(xii) What happens when we add our waste to the Environment.
(xiii) Ecosystem – What are its components? Food chains and Webs.
(xiv) How do our activities effect the environment? Ozone layer and how it is getting depleted. Managing the garbage we produce.
Unit-VII 10 marks
General Knowledge and Current Affairs Abbreviations, Important Dates, First in World, First in India, Popular Personalities, Geographical Discoveries, Books and Authors, Principal Languages of India, Capitals and Currencies of Countries, United Nations Organisation, Members of United Nations Organisation (UNO), Other International Organisations and Groups, Space Programme of India, India’s Automatic Research, Awards, Honours and Prizes, The World of Sports, Climate and Crops, Democracy and Democratic Institutions, Seven Wonders. Revolt of 1857-Causes and Effects, Rise of National Movement-Factors, Boycott and Swadeshi Movement, Khilafat Movement and the Non- Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement, Independence and Partition of India, Origin of democracy, Franchise, Secret Ballot, Candidates, Nomination, Symbol, The Campaign, The majority, Presidential elections, Languages, Cities and Villages, Water resources, Sources of Water (with special reference of J&K State), Uses of Water resources.
Unit-VIII 10 marks
General Knowledge with special reference to J&K.
(I) Abbrevations, Important dates, popular names of personalities and their achievements/ contribution.
(II) Constitution of J&K.
(III) Centre-State relationship.
(IV) Weather, Climate, Crops, Means of Transport.
(V) Important projects and their impact on State Economy.
(VI) Rivers and Lakes.
(VII) Important Tourist Destinations.
(VIII) History of J&K State/ Historical places and their importance.
Unit-IX 20 marks
Professional Subjects (B.Ed/ M.Ed)
(I) Meaning/ definition of Education. .
(II) Development of Educational System in India in light of various Commissions and Committees.
(III) Curiculam Development.
(a) Learner as the basis of Education.
(b) Society as the basis of Education
(IV) Educational Technology.
(a) Principals of Teaching.
(b) Role of I.C.T in Education
(c) Methods and Models of Teaching.
(d) Blooms Texanomy of Instructional objectives.
(V) Current trends in Education System.
(a) Popoulation Education.
(b) Special Education.
(c) Environmental Education.
(d) Computer Education.
(e) Value Education.
(VI) Psychological Development of Education
(a) Learning Process.
(b) Personality Development.
(c) Adolescent Stage.
(VII) Meaning of Comperative Education and its development with particular reference to India and USA
(VIII) Changing Role of Teacher
(a) Professional Development.
(b) Personality Development.
NOTE:- For Units II to VII, the questions will be of Matric Standard.